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Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Main article: Scotticism Scotticisms are idioms or expressions that are characteristic of Scots , especially when used in English.
What a dreich day! Lexical[ edit ] An example of "outwith" on a sign in Scotland Scottish English has inherited a number of lexical items from Scots,  which are less common in other forms of standard English. Kirk for church has parallels in other Germanic languages cf kirche which was also found in archaic names of some ancient churches in e.
Examples of culturally specific items are Hogmanay ; caber , haggis , bothy ; scone ; oatcake ; tablet ; rone roof gutter ; teuchter , ned , numpty witless person; now more common in the rest of the UK and landward rural ; It's your shot for "It's your turn"; and the once notorious but now redundant tawse.
The diminutive ending "-ie" is added to nouns to indicate smallness, as in laddie and lassie for a young boy and young girl. Other examples are peirie child's wooden spinning top and sweetie piece of confectionery. The ending can be added to many words instinctively, e.
The use of "How? There is a range of often anglicised legal and administrative vocabulary inherited from Scots  e.
In Scottish education a short leet is a list of selected job applicants, and a remit is a detailed job description. Provost is used for "mayor" and procurator fiscal for "public prosecutor". Often, lexical differences between Scottish English and Southern Standard English are simply differences in the distribution of shared lexis, such as stay for "live" as in: This section does not cite any sources.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. June Learn how and when to remove this template message The progressive verb forms are used rather more frequently than in other varieties of standard English, for example with some stative verbs I'm wanting a drink.
I have a Murano cot bed, a few years old now, but still in good nick. Pay a maximum of GBP 8.
The future progressive frequently implies an assumption You'll be coming from Glasgow? In some areas perfect aspect of a verb is indicated using "be" as auxiliary with the preposition "after" and the present participle: Speakers often use prepositions differently.
The compound preposition off of is often used Take that off of the table. Scots commonly say I was waiting on you meaning "waiting for you" , which means something quite different in Standard English. In colloquial speech shall and ought are scarce, must is marginal for obligation and may is rare. Here are other syntactical structures: What age are you? Note that in Scottish English, the first person declarative I amn't invited and interrogative Amn't I invited?
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